St Patrick's Primary School, Liverpool

School Contact Details


School Name:  St Patrick’s Primary School


School Address: Upper Hill Street, Liverpool L8 5UX


School phone number: 0151 709 1062


Head teacher name: Mrs J Lewis


Chair of Governors name: Mrs D Fox


Clerk to the Governors: Mr David Rice


Contact details for Chair of Governors: Please leave any correspondence at the school office in a sealed envelope marked for the attention of the chair of governors. This will be dealt with confidentially


The School has this complaints policy displayed on its website and available at the school office in line with the Section 29 Education Act 2012


At St Patrick’s we believe that our school provides an excellent education for all our children, and that the headteacher and other staff work very hard to build positive relationships with all parents. However, the school is obliged to have procedures in place in case there are complaints. The following policy sets out the procedure that the school follows in such cases.


Who can make a complaint?

This complaints procedure is not limited to parents or carers of children that are registered at the school. Any person, including members of the public, may make a complaint to St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School about any provision of facilities or services that we provide. Unless complaints are dealt with under separate statutory procedures (such as appeals relating to exclusions or admissions), we will use this complaints procedure.

The difference between a concern and a complaint

A concern may be defined as ‘an expression of worry or doubt over an issue considered to be important for which reassurances are sought’.

A complaint may be defined as ‘an expression of dissatisfaction however made, about actions taken or a lack of action’.

It is in everyone’s interest that concerns and complaints are resolved at the earliest possible stage. Many issues can be resolved informally, without the need to use the formal stages of the complaints procedure. St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School takes concerns seriously and will make every effort to resolve the matter as quickly as possible.

If you have difficulty discussing a concern with a particular member of staff, we will respect your views. In these cases, Mrs. J Lewis, will refer you to another staff member. Similarly, if the member of staff directly involved feels unable to deal with a concern, Mrs. J Lewis will refer you to another staff member. The member of staff may be more senior but does not have to be. The ability to consider the concern objectively and impartially is more important.

We understand however, that there are occasions when people would like to raise their concerns formally. In this case, St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School will attempt to resolve the issue internally, through the stages outlined within this complaints procedure.

How to raise a concern or make a complaint

A concern or complaint can be made in person, in writing or by telephone. They may also be made by a third party acting on behalf on a complainant, as long as they have appropriate consent to do so.

Concerns should be raised with either the class teacher or headteacher. If the issue remains unresolved, the next step is to make a formal complaint.

Complainants should not approach individual governors to raise concerns or complaints. They have no power to act on an individual basis and it may also prevent them from considering complaints at Stage 2 of the procedure.


Complaints against school staff (except the headteacher) should be made in the first instance, to Mrs. J Lewis via the school office. Please mark them as Private and Confidential.

Complaints that involve or are about the headteacher should be addressed to Mrs. D Fox (the Chair of Governors), via the school office. Please mark them as Private and Confidential.

Complaints about the Chair of Governors, any individual governor or the whole governing body should be addressed to Mr. D Rice (the Clerk to the Governing Body) via the school office. Please mark them as Private and Confidential.

For ease of use, a template complaint form is included at the end of this procedure. If you require help in completing the form, please contact the school office. You can also ask third party organisations like the Citizens Advice to help you.

In accordance with equality law, we will consider making reasonable adjustments if required, to enable complainants to access and complete this complaints procedure. For instance, providing information in alternative formats, assisting complainants in raising a formal complaint or holding meetings in accessible locations.

Anonymous complaints

We will not normally investigate anonymous complaints. However, the headteacher or Chair of Governors, if appropriate, will determine whether the complaint warrants an investigation.

Time scales

You must raise the complaint within three months of the incident or, where a series of associated incidents have occurred, within three months of the last of these incidents. We will consider complaints made outside of this time frame if exceptional circumstances apply.

Complaints received outside of term time

We will consider complaints made outside of term time to have been received on the first school day after the holiday period.

Scope of this Complaints Procedure

This procedure covers all complaints about any provision of community facilities or services by St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School other than complaints that are dealt with under other statutory procedures, including those listed below.


Exceptions Who to contact  
Admissions to schools Concerns about admissions, statutory assessments of  
Special Educational Needs, or school re-organisation  
Statutory assessments of Special  
proposals should be raised with Liverpool City Council  
Educational Needs  
School re-organisation proposals    


    Complaints about child protection matters are handled  
    under our child protection and safeguarding policy and in  
    accordance with relevant statutory guidance.  
    If you have serious concerns, you may wish to contact the  
    local authority designated officer (LADO) who has local  
    responsibility for safeguarding or the Multi-Agency  
Matters likely to require a Child   Safeguarding Hub (MASH).  
Protection Investigation   Local Authority Designated Officer: Ray Said or Pauline  
    0151 233 0840 / 0853 or 07841 727309  
    0151 233 0846/ 0853 or 07716702034  
    Further information about raising concerns about  
    exclusion can be found at:  
Exclusion of children from school*   discipline-exclusions/exclusions.  
*complaints about the application of the behaviour policy  
    can be made through the school’s complaints procedure.  
    See school behaviour policy on website  
    We have an internal whistleblowing procedure for all our  
    employees, including temporary staff and contractors.  
    The Secretary of State for Education is the prescribed  
    person for matters relating to education for  
    whistleblowers in education who do not want to raise  
Whistleblowing   matters direct with their employer. Referrals can be  
  made at:  
    Volunteer staff who have concerns about our school  
    should complain through the school’s complaints  
    procedure. You may also be able to complain direct to the  
    LA or the Department for Education (see link above),  
    depending on the substance of your complaint.  
Staff grievances   Complaints from staff will be dealt with under the  
  school’s internal grievance procedures.  
Staff conduct   Complaints about staff will be dealt with under the  
  school’s internal disciplinary procedures, if appropriate.  


  Complainants will not be informed of any disciplinary  
  action taken against a staff member as a result of a  
  complaint. However, the complainant will be notified that  
  the matter is being addressed.  
Complaints about services provided by Providers should have their own complaints procedure to  
other providers who may use deal with complaints about service. Please contact them  
school premises or facilities direct.  
National Curriculum – content Please contact the Department for Education at:  

If other bodies are investigating aspects of the complaint, for example the police, local authority (LA) safeguarding teams or Tribunals, this may impact on our ability to adhere to the timescales within this procedure or result in the procedure being suspended until those public bodies have completed their investigations.

If a complainant commences legal action against St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School in relation to their complaint, we will consider whether to suspend the complaints procedure in relation to their complaint until those legal proceedings have concluded.

Resolving complaints

At each stage in the procedure, St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School wants to resolve the complaint. If appropriate, we will acknowledge that the complaint is upheld in whole or in part. In addition, we may offer one or more of the following:

  • an explanation
  • an admission that the situation could have been handled differently or better
  • an assurance that we will try to ensure the event complained of will not recur
  • an explanation of the steps that have been or will be taken to help ensure that it will not happen again and an indication of the timescales within which any changes will be made
  • an undertaking to review school policies in light of the complaint an apology.

Withdrawal of a Complaint

If a complainant wants to withdraw their complaint, we will ask them to confirm this in writing.

Stage 1

Formal complaints must be made to the headteacher (unless they are about the headteacher), via the school office. This may be done in person, in writing (preferably on the Complaint Form), or by telephone.

The headteacher will record the date the complaint is received and will acknowledge receipt of the complaint in writing (either by letter or email) within 10 school days.

Within this response, the headteacher will seek to clarify the nature of the complaint, ask what remains unresolved and what outcome the complainant would like to see. The headteacher can consider whether a face-to-face meeting is the most appropriate way of doing this.

Note: The headteacher may delegate the investigation to another member of the school’s senior leadership team but not the decision to be taken.

During the investigation, the headteacher (or investigator) will:

  • if necessary, interview those involved in the matter and/or those complained of, allowing them to be accompanied if they wish
  • keep a written record of any meetings/interviews in relation to their investigation.

At the conclusion of their investigation, the headteacher should provide a formal written response within 10 school days of the date of receipt of the complaint.

If the headteacher is unable to meet this deadline, they will provide the complainant with an update and revised response date.

The response will detail any actions taken to investigate the complaint and provide a full explanation of the decision made and the reason(s) for it. Where appropriate, it will include details of actions St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School will take to resolve the complaint.

The headteacher will advise the complainant of how to escalate their complaint should they remain dissatisfied with the outcome of Stage 1.

If the complaint is about the headteacher, or a member of the governing body (including the Chair or Vice-Chair), a suitably skilled governor will be appointed to complete all the actions at Stage 1.

Complaints about the headteacher or member of the governing body must be made to the Clerk, via the school office.

If the complaint is:

  • jointly about the Chair and Vice Chair or


  • the entire governing body or


  • the majority of the governing body

Stage 1 will be considered by an independent investigator appointed by the governing body or Liverpool Archdiocese At the conclusion of their investigation, the independent investigator will provide a formal written response.

Stage 2

If the complainant is dissatisfied with the outcome at Stage 1 and wishes to take the matter further, they can escalate the complaint to Stage 2 – a meeting with members of the governing body’s complaints committee, which will be formed of the first three, impartial, governors available. This is the final stage of the complaints procedure.

A request to escalate to Stage 2 must be made to the Clerk, via the school office, within 10 school days of receipt of the Stage 1 response.

The Clerk will record the date the complaint is received and acknowledge receipt of the complaint in writing (either by letter or email) within 10 school days.

Requests received outside of this time frame will only be considered if exceptional circumstances apply.

The Clerk will write to the complainant to inform them of the date of the meeting. They will aim to convene a meeting within 10 school days of receipt of the Stage 2 request. If this is not possible, the Clerk will provide an anticipated date and keep the complainant informed.

If the complainant rejects the offer of three proposed dates, without good reason, the Clerk will decide when to hold the meeting. It will then proceed in the complainant’s absence on the basis of written submissions from both parties.

The complaints committee will consist of at least three governors with no prior involvement or knowledge of the complaint. Prior to the meeting, they will decide amongst themselves who will act as the Chair of the Complaints Committee. If there are fewer than three governors from St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School available, the Clerk will source any additional, independent governors through another local school or through their LA’s Governor Services team, in order to make up the committee. Alternatively, an entirely independent committee may be convened to hear the complaint at Stage 2.

The committee will decide whether to deal with the complaint by inviting parties to a meeting or through written representations, but in making their decision they will be sensitive to the complainant’s needs.

If the complainant is invited to attend the meeting, they may bring someone along to provide support. This can be a relative or friend. Generally, we do not encourage either party to bring legal representatives to the committee meeting. However, there may be occasions when legal representation is appropriate.

For instance, if a school employee is called as a witness in a complaint meeting, they may wish to be supported by union and/or legal representation.

Note: Complaints about staff conduct will not generally be handled under this complaints procedure. Complainants will be advised that any staff conduct complaints will be considered under staff disciplinary procedures, if appropriate, but outcomes will not be shared with them.

Representatives from the media are not permitted to attend.

At least 10 school days before the meeting, the Clerk will:

confirm and notify the complainant of the date, time and venue of the meeting, ensuring that, if the complainant is invited, the dates are convenient to all parties and that the venue and proceedings are accessible

request copies of any further written material to be submitted to the committee at 10 school days before the meeting.

Any written material will be circulated to all parties at least 10 school days before the date of the meeting. The committee will not normally accept, as evidence, recordings of conversations that were obtained covertly and without the informed consent of all parties being recorded.

The committee will also not review any new complaints at this stage or consider evidence unrelated to the initial complaint to be included. New complaints must be dealt with from Stage 1 of the procedure.

The meeting will be held in private. Electronic recordings of meetings or conversations are not normally permitted unless a complainant’s own disability or special needs require it. Prior knowledge and consent of all parties attending must be sought before meetings or conversations take place. Consent will be recorded in any minutes taken.

The committee will consider the complaint and all the evidence presented. The committee can:

  • uphold the complaint in whole or in part
  • dismiss the complaint in whole or in part.
  • If the complaint is upheld in whole or in part, the committee will:
  • decide on the appropriate action to be taken to resolve the complaint
  • where appropriate, recommend changes to the school’s systems or procedures to prevent similar issues in the future.


The Chair of the Committee will provide the complainant and St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School with a full explanation of their decision and the reason(s) for it, in writing, within 10 school days.

The letter to the complainant will include details of how to contact the Department for Education if they are dissatisfied with the way their complaint has been handled by St Patrick’s Catholic Primary


If the complaint is:

  • jointly about the Chair and Vice Chair or
  • the entire governing body or
  • the majority of the governing body

Stage 2 will be heard by a committee of independent governors.

The response will detail any actions taken to investigate the complaint and provide a full explanation of the decision made and the reason(s) for it. Where appropriate, it will include details of actions St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School will take to resolve the complaint.

The response will also advise the complainant of how to escalate their complaint should they remain dissatisfied.

Next Steps

If the complainant believes the school did not handle their complaint in accordance with the published complaints procedure or they acted unlawfully or unreasonably in the exercise of their duties under education law, they can contact the Department for Education after they have completed Stage 2.

The Department for Education will not normally reinvestigate the substance of complaints or overturn any decisions made by St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School They will consider whether St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School has adhered to education legislation and any statutory policies connected with the complaint.

The complainant can refer their complaint to the Department for Education online at:, by telephone on: 0370 000 2288 or by writing to:

Department for Education
Piccadilly Gate
Store Street
Manchester M1 2WD.


Complaint Form

Please complete and return to Mrs J Lewis, Mrs D Fox or Mr D Rice depending on who your complaint is to, who will acknowledge receipt and explain what action will be taken.


Your name:

Pupil’s name (if relevant):

Your relationship to the pupil (if relevant):







Day time telephone number:

Evening telephone number:


Please give details of your complaint, including whether you have spoken to anybody at the school about it.




What actions do you feel might resolve the problem at this stage?


Are you attaching any paperwork? If so, please give details.





Official use


Date acknowledgement sent:


By who:


Complaint referred to:




Roles and Responsibilities


The complainant will receive a more effective response to the complaint if they:

  • explain the complaint in full as early as possible co-operate with the school in seeking a solution to the complaint
  • respond promptly to requests for information or meetings or in agreeing the details of the complaint
  • ask for assistance as needed
  • treat all those involved in the complaint with respect
  • refrain from publicising the details of their complaint on social media and respect confidentiality.



The investigator’s role is to establish the facts relevant to the complaint by:

providing a comprehensive, open, transparent and fair consideration of the complaint through:

o                  sensitive and thorough interviewing of the complainant to establish what has happened and who has been involved


o                  interviewing staff and children/young people and other people relevant to the complaint


o                  consideration of records and other relevant information


o                  analysing information


  • liaising with the complainant and the complaints co-ordinator as appropriate to clarify what the complainant feels would put things right.


The investigator should:

  • conduct interviews with an open mind and be prepared to persist in the questioning


  • keep notes of interviews or arrange for an independent note taker to record minutes of the meeting


  • ensure that any papers produced during the investigation are kept securely pending any appeal be mindful of the timescales to respond


  • prepare a comprehensive report for the headteacher or complaints committee that sets out the facts, identifies solutions and recommends courses of action to resolve problems.

The headteacher or complaints committee will then determine whether to uphold or dismiss the complaint and communicate that decision to the complainant, providing the appropriate escalation details.


Complaints Co-ordinator (this could be the headteacher / designated complaints governor or other staff member providing administrative support)


The complaints co-ordinator should:


ensure that the complainant is fully updated at each stage of the procedure


liaise with staff members, headteacher, Chair of Governors, Clerk and LAs (if appropriate) to ensure the smooth running of the complaints procedure


be aware of issues regarding:


o                  sharing third party information


  • additional support. This may be needed by complainants when making a complaint including interpretation support or where the complainant is a child or young person keep records.


Clerk to the Governing Body


The Clerk is the contact point for the complainant and the committee and should:


ensure that all people involved in the complaint procedure are aware of their legal rights and duties, including any under legislation relating to school complaints, education law, the Equality Act 2010, the Freedom of Information Act 2000, the Data Protection Act (DPA) 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR)


set the date, time and venue of the meeting, ensuring that the dates are convenient to all parties (if they are invited to attend) and that the venue and proceedings are accessible


collate any written material relevant to the complaint (for example; stage 1 paperwork, school and complainant submissions) and send it to the parties in advance of the meeting within an agreed timescale


record the proceedings


circulate the minutes of the meeting


notify all parties of the committee’s decision.


Committee Chair


The committee’s chair, who is nominated in advance of the complaint meeting, should ensure that:


both parties are asked (via the Clerk) to provide any additional information relating to the complaint by a specified date in advance of the meeting


the meeting is conducted in an informal manner, is not adversarial, and that, if all parties are invited to attend, everyone is treated with respect and courtesy


complainants who may not be used to speaking at such a meeting are put at ease. This is particularly important if the complainant is a child/young person





the remit of the committee is explained to the complainant


written material is seen by everyone in attendance, provided it does not breach confidentiality or any individual’s rights to privacy under the DPA 2018 or GDPR.


If a new issue arises it would be useful to give everyone the opportunity to consider and comment upon it; this may require a short adjournment of the meeting


both the complainant and the school are given the opportunity to make their case and seek clarity, either through written submissions ahead of the meeting or verbally in the meeting itself


the issues are addressed


key findings of fact are made


the committee is open-minded and acts independently


no member of the committee has an external interest in the outcome of the proceedings or any involvement in an earlier stage of the procedure


the meeting is minuted


they liaise with the Clerk (and complaints co-ordinator, if the school has one).


Committee Member


Committee members should be aware that:


the meeting must be independent and impartial, and should be seen to be so


No governor may sit on the committee if they have had a prior involvement in the complaint or in the circumstances surrounding it.


the aim of the meeting should be to resolve the complaint and achieve reconciliation between the school and the complainant


We recognise that the complainant might not be satisfied with the outcome if the meeting does not find in their favour. It may only be possible to establish the facts and make recommendations.


many complainants will feel nervous and inhibited in a formal setting


Parents/carers often feel emotional when discussing an issue that affects their child.


extra care needs to be taken when the complainant is a child/young person and present during all or part of the meeting


Careful consideration of the atmosphere and proceedings should ensure that the child/young person does not feel intimidated.


The committee should respect the views of the child/young person and give them equal consideration to those of adults.


If the child/young person is the complainant, the committee should ask in advance if any





support is needed to help them present their complaint. Where the child/young person’s parent is the complainant, the committee should give the parent the opportunity to say which parts of the meeting, if any, the child/young person needs to attend.


However, the parent should be advised that agreement might not always be possible if the parent wishes the child/young person to attend a part of the meeting that the committee considers is not in the child/young person’s best interests.


the welfare of the child/young person is paramount.




Policy written by:     J Lewis


Policy date:                   September 2020         Ratified: 28.09.2020


Policy review:               September 2022