In St. Patrick’s, our phonic teaching aims to ensure all children are fluent readers by the time they reach the end of phase 5 of the Letters and Sounds programme (Year 1 Phonics KS1 Liverpool Plans).
Children will be confident spellers, using segmenting and blending as their first approach to spelling.
The curriculum, teaching and learning
We aim to ensure there is consistency across the school when we teach phonics and this is key to its success. We use Jolly Phonics to teach initial letter sounds and actions in Nursery and Reception and continue to use sound actions to encourage KS1 children to identify the appropriate graphemes and phonemes. We use Education City (In Foundation Stage and KS1) and Phonics Play (throughout the school) plus many games and activities to teach the application of phonics. Phonics is statutory and is taught daily (through 20 minute discrete sessions) to ensure children develop into confident readers and writers.
Progression in phonics
Nursery: Children will be introduced to letters and sounds through discrete Phonics lessons and the environment, which should be language rich – displays, squidgy letters, letter stamps, listening centre etc. Children will be assessed at Phase One and Phase Two towards the end of the year (July).
Reception: Children will be taught Phase Two of the Letters and Sounds programme before moving onto Phase Three when reading books with words. Children should be able to read and spell most, if not all, high frequency Phase Two words before moving onto Phase Three and then Phase Four (where appropriate) towards the end of the year (June/July).
Year One: Phase Four will be consolidated before moving onto Phase Five. No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in Phase Four but children learn to blend and segment words with adjacent consonants e.g. swim, clap and bump. Children are also taught to blend and segment longer words with more than one syllable. Consolidation of previous phases will ensure that children can read and spell all high frequency words, including tricky words. In Phase Five, children learn the ‘complex code’ by learning alternate graphemes for the phonemes they already know, they also learn different ways of pronouncing the graphemes.
Year Two: Previous consolidation of phases should allow children to revisit Phase Five at the beginning of Year 2. Children will then move onto Phase 6 (Year 2 Phonics KS1 Liverpool Plans). In this phase, children will begin to learn different aspects of spelling e.g. spelling rules/tense etc. They will be introduced to new spelling patterns in order to enhance their writing across the curriculum.
Summative Phonics assessments for all children on the Phonics programme will take place during October, December, April and July. This will allow us to determine knowledge and understanding of the letters and sounds and high frequency words/tricky words.